Jet Ware

In response to the popularity of Jackfield, several manufacturers began to produce similar, black-glazed vessels. These were less finely made and cheaper. Godden (1991:108) notes that “Jet was particularly associated with inexpensive teapots made in the approximate period 1875-1910.” These black vessels enjoyed resurgence in popularity after Prince Albert’s death, as Queen Victoria’s lengthy mourning […]

Canary Ware

Canary ware is a refined whiteware with a glossy bright yellow glaze, which ranges from pale to deep yellow.  The yellow in the glaze comes from antimony, which is toxic in certain forms. Potters who manufactured canary ware often developed blisters on their skin. Canary ware often has showy decorative motifs, including transfer printed mottos […]

Transfer Print: Olde Blue

Olde Blue is a style of transfer print where the image is almost a “negative,” the major elements are white or light and the background is dark blue. The shade of blue is very distinctive; it is a very dark cobalt, much darker than the blue used in later transfer prints.  Unlike later transfer prints, […]

Factory Slip: Mocha

In the nineteenth-century, these flowing designs were sometimes referred to as “seaweed.” The designs were supposed to resemble moss agate, which is also known as “mocha stone” (Priddy 2004:171). The artist used a brush to release drops of a “mocha tea” solution, with a  combination of tobacco, stale urine and turpentine. The design spread instantly into a tree-like pattern […]

Hand-Painted: Early

Early hand-painted ceramics are usually pearlware, and the earliest used limited colour palettes, such as cobalt blue. After 1875, hand-painted wares began to incorporate earth tones such as orange (mustard), olive green and brown. The colours red and black did not appear until the 1830s. The hand-painted designs were most often floral motifs, ranging from large blossoms to smaller, more delicate […]

Yellow Ware

American yellow ware (or yellowware) has a dense, yellow-to-buff coloured body with a clear lead or alkaline glaze while the English variety has a cream to buff body with a yellow-tinted glaze. Annular factory slip decoration is most often seen, though sponged motifs and Rockingham glazes are not uncommon. Yellow ware should not be confused […]

Factory Slip: Encrustation

Some forms of ceramic vessels exhibiting different surfaces were produced using small dried pieces of clay in several colours. The clay bits were pressed into a solid colour slip field, producing the encrusted look. Sometimes a lathe, a machine that rotates an object on its axis, was used to smooth the vessel’s surface. This technique produced a finely-grained […]

Factory Slip: Cable

Cable ware, also known as “earthworm” by collectors, is a distinct factory slip motif. The decorative designs were produced using a multi-chambered slip cup, which would allow three or four different colour clay slips to flow onto the vessel. This category includes designs known as “cats-eyes” which occur from a single drop from a multi-chambered slip cup, with overlapped drops forming a […]

Hand-Painted: Late

This decorative type is found on refined white earthenware and ironstone ceramic vessels. The late palette includes chrome-based colours such as black, red, and true yellow and green. This is in contrast to the more earthy colours present in the early palette, such as mustard yellow and brown. Late palette motifs are often floral and […]

Transfer Print

[distance1] According to Snyder (1997:9), “transfer printing allowed a potter to quickly duplicate a pattern by transferring it from an [engraved] copper plate to a ceramic vessel via a specially treated paper. Transfer printed patterns appealed to consumers as the process afforded them the opportunity to purchase complete sets of dishes that were virtually identical, a […]