When an archaeological site is recommended for Stage 4, it is because the site in question has yielded significant archaeological material. The first recommendation ASI makes is for conservation and protection of the site whenever possible. ASI engages in discussions with the proponent, the associated government authority, and associated Indigenous or heritage groups. The development, in some cases, can proceed and/or be redesigned while avoiding the site altogether, which is our preferred outcome. Avoidance through parkland or green-space dedication will protect and preserve the site for future generations.
If, however, site protection and avoidance is not a feasible option, ASI will conduct a full-scale Stage 4 mitigative excavation. The aim is to completely record and remove all archaeological features, including artifact middens and foundations.
ASI archaeologists take thorough measurements and photographs, digitally recording and illustrating every detail. In certain instances, we will seek input from experts in other scientific disciplines, such as geology and biological anthropology, in order to ensure that work in the field, as well as during the analysis phase, is carried out to the highest standards possible. ASI will then process, analyze and properly store all material culture retained from the site. Upon completion, a report of the site and excavation is sent to the MHSTCI.