Site Reports

Alexandra Site

Located in the geographic Township of Scarborough, now the City of Toronto, the 2.5 hectare Alexandra site spanned much of the mid- to late fourteenth century A.D. in two major overlapping phases of occupation. Excavations at the site were conducted in advance of subdivision development.

Antrex Site

The Antrex site is a late thirteenth- to-fourteenth-century Iroquoian village located in the City of Mississauga excavated in advance of subdivision development.

Baker Site

Located on a tributary of the West Don River in Vaughan, the Baker site is an early fifteenth century A.D. Iroquoian settlement excavated in advance of subdivision development.

Bishop’s Block Site

Bishop’s Block is a site located in downtown Toronto that was excavated to make way for the newly built Shangri-La hotel. Foundations of four townhouses built in 1832 and 1860 were uncovered, and tens of thousands of artifacts were analyzed from this important early-nineteenth century site.

Butler Site

The excavation of the late-eighteenth-century and early-nineteenth-century Butler Homestead site has made a significant contribution to our understanding of the early history of Colonel John Butler (famous Loyalist) and his family in Niagara-on-the-Lake, and to regional and national history in general.

Colborne Street Site

Located in the City of Brantford, the Colborne Street Site was excavated by ASI in 1991 and represents a Middle Woodland period manufacturing site. Excavations yielded 1,975 culturally-altered lithic artifacts and two significant cache deposits.

Don Valley Brick Works

As part of the Evergreen Brick Works revitalization project, ASI was retained to carry out Stage 4 archaeological excavations, as well as the monitoring and documentation of construction excavations for the Don Valley Brick Works complex – a natural and cultural heritage facility.

Dykstra Site

Located on Bear Creek in Barrie, the Dykstra site is mid-fourteenth-early fifteenth century A.D. Iroquoian special purpose site excavated in advance of subdivision development.

Edgar Site

The Edgar site is a mid-nineteenth century Euro-Canadian domestic occupation that was excavated in Vaughan, Ontario. The artifacts recovered and the features excavated at the Edgar site point toward a domestic/farm type of occupation, with a likely date range of 1830s to 1870.

Elmbank Church and Cemetery

In advance of construction for a new runway, taxiway and deicing facility at Lester B. Pearson International Airport, ASI was retained to excavate the structural remains of a nineteeth-century Catholic church and rectory, as well as exhume and rebury a total of 622 individuals from its associated cemetery. The vast majority of those interred at Elmbank were of Irish descent.

Fort York National Historic Site

This Stage 2 archaeological resource assessment at Fort York National Historic Site was prompted by planning for the construction of a new Visitor Centre. A ground-penetrating radar survey proceeded to excavation through five areas of operation in an area that the City of Toronto has identified for the facility.

Fort York Visitors’ Centre

ASI was retained to conduct a Stage 4 salvage excavation on the component of the site to be impacted by the building’s construction. The excavation included fourteen artifacts that directly linked this area to the Battle of York on April 27, 1813.

Government House

As part of the the production of a War of 1812 documentary film, ASI was retained to excavate an exploratory trench in order to locate the remains of the Government House on the grounds of the Fort York National Historic Site.  A total of 3,986 Euro-Canadian artifacts related to the house and Fort York were recovered.

Graham Site

The Graham site was a small Early Woodland period (Meadowood Complex) ritual site, ca. 2,000-1,200 BP, excavated in Caledon in advance of construction of a stormwater management pond. The site yielded a large number of native copper artifacts, lithics, and a unique animal cremation burial with copper bead and biface offerings.

Henry Site

Excavated as part of the Red Hill Creek Expressway project in Hamilton, the Henry site yielded evidence of an early nineteenth-century Euro-Canadian domestic homestead occupied by Henry Spera and his descendants.

Hidden Spring Site

Discovered in Thornhill, Ontario, the 2008 Stage 4 archaeological mitigation of the Hidden Spring site yielded a settlement pattern consisting of two overlapping longhouses, two middens, and several exterior activity areas of a late fifteenth-century ancestral Huron-Wendat special purpose or cabin site.

Holly Site

Located on Bear Creek in Barrie, the Holly site is an early fourteenth century A.D. ancestral Wendat village that was also inhabited by Algonquian people. Excavations at the site were conducted in advance of subdivision development.

Holmedale Site

Holmedale is a Transitional Woodland period site excavated by ASI in the City of Brantford in 1996. The site was occupied from 985-1020 A.D. and yielded 722 posts and 63 features, including Princess Point Tradition artifacts.

Huson Site

Located near Ten Mile Creek in Thorold, the Huson site was an undisturbed Early Archaic site excavated in advance of road construction.

Kilmanagh Crossroads Site

Located in the town of Caledon, the Kilmanagh Crossroads site represented a blacksmith shop and domestic residence occupied between the 1860s and the 1890s. A total of 58,681 historical artifacts and seven pre-contact Indigenous artifacts were recovered.

King’s Forest Park Site

Discovered during the cultural heritage resource assessment for the Red Hill Creek Expressway project in Hamilton, the King’s Forest Park site was occupied during the later portion of the Early Iroquoian period, with evidence of extensive exterior activity and refuse disposal areas.

King’s Point Site

The King’s Point Site was discovered in Niagara-on-the-Lake in 1998 and yielded approximately 30,000 pre-contact artifacts including Early, Middle and Late Archaic projectile points and Early to Late Woodland Period lithics and pottery fragments. It was used most frequently by hunter-gatherers between 5,500 – 3,000 and 2,000 – 1,500 years ago.

Mantle Site

The Mantle Site is an early sixteenth century ancestral (Huron) Wendat village site located in the Town of Whitchurch-Stouffville. This large, nine acre village produced over 18,000 artifacts from the initial controlled surface collection and subsequent excavations yielded evidence of eight rows of palisade representing various re-building sequences and over 95 longhouses.

McNair Site

The McNair site was a 1.0 hectare village occupied during the middle of the fifteenth century AD. A sizable and noteworthy ceramic assemblage was recovered from McNair including 539 analyzable vessels, 184 miniature or juvenile vessels and 433 smoking pipe fragments.

New Site

The New Site is a late Middle Iroquoian site, dating to the last half of the fourteeth century, excavated in advance of subdivision development in the Town of Markham.

Nordheimer Burial Vault

Redevelopment of a 1920s residential lot near Davenport Road and Spadina Road in Toronto on the former estate of Glen Edyth, led to the discovery of an elaborate burial vault that formerly held the remains of the Nordheimer family.

Old Don Jail Cemetery 1: Investigation

In 2007, ASI was retained to examine a burial area of Toronto’s Old Don Jail. The investigation led to to the discovery of fifteen individuals who were all hanged at the jail between 1872-1930. The report details the discovery of the unapproved cemetery and the subsequent identification of individuals.

Orion Site

Located at the edge of the Rouge River drainage in Richmond Hill, the Orion site is an Iroquoian settlement that was occupied in the first half of the fifteenth century. Excavations at the site were conducted in advance of subdivision development.

Peace Bridge Site

The Peace Bridge site is an extensive pre-contact quarry and habitation site located in Fort Erie that ASI has investigated over the past 20 years as redevelopment of the site has required. This is the second major report completed on this work, covering the period between 1997 and 2000.

Queen’s Wharf Station Site

The 2011 Queen’s Wharf Station Site excavations documented the 1850s land making process that led to the original formation of the majority of the property, along with the remains of portions of the 1855-1856 Grand Trunk Railway engine house, the contemporary Garrison Creek channelization structure, and the Queen’s Wharf that extended into the project area.

Queen’s Wharf: Block 7 Excavations

The construction of a condominium at the corner of Bathurst and Fleet streets in the City of Toronto led to the discovery of a substantial section of the Queen’s Wharf, dating to the mid-nineteenth century.

Robb Site

The archaeological data from the Robb site suggests it is an early to mid-fourteenth century A.D. ancestral Wendat village. A total of 62,605 artifacts were recovered during excavations, including ceramics, flake and ground stone artifacts, and floral and faunal remains.

Serena Site

Located in the upper reaches of the Red Hill Creek drainage in Ancaster, the Serena site is mid-fourteenth century A.D. Iroquoian village site excavated in advance of subdivision development.